• Silver

    Silver is a soft and malleable metal. Pure or fine silver is so soft that jewellery made from it will scratch or bend rather easily. Therefore other metals are added to the fine silver to create an alloy that is more durable and fitting for use in jewellery. The most widely used silver alloy is sterling silver, which consists of 92.5 parts silver and 7.5 parts copper. This metal is harder and more scratch resistant but retains the beautiful colour of fine silver. Because of its copper contents, sterling silver will tarnish over time. Another alloy with rising popularity is called argentium silver. This alloy also contains germanium and is more ductile and tarnish resistant.

  • Gold

    Pure 24ct gold is much too soft and likely too expensive to be of practical use in jewellery. Most gold jewellery on the market today is made of an alloy with a fixed percentage of gold. The most popular alloys nowadays are 9ct and 18ct gold. For these alloys 9 or 18 out of 24 parts are gold respectively and the rest is a mixture of other metals. Gold jewellery also comes in various colours including the popular yellow, white and red gold but also the rarer blue, green and purple gold, depending on the other metals used in the alloy.

  • Other materials

    Besides silver and gold, many other materials are used in jewellery making today. Copper jewellery in particular is becoming all the more popular. This is related to the rising costs of gold and silver, making both of these metals difficult for the casual jeweller to afford. Copper and brass unfortunately tarnish very fast which means that jewellery pieces have to be cleaned regularly to remain shiny. However, if you like the old, tarnished look of oxidised metal this isn't a drawback at all but rather a feature unique to these metals. Other popular materials for use in jewellery include resin, wood, plastic, material, etc. The list is really as long as your imagination can make it.

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